- Birth: ABT 1720, Northern Ireland
- Death: Mar 1780, Harpersfield, Delaware, NY, U.S.
- Marriage: 21 Mar 1742/1743, Bridgewater, Plymouth, MA
- Thomas HENDRY
- James HENDRY
- Jennet HENDRY
- John HENDRY
- Margaret (Polly) HENDRY
- David HENDRY
- Ann HENDRY
- William HENDRY
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Line in Record @I0001@ (RIN 1) from GEDCOM file not recognized:
This Thomas Hendry is the first Hendry in my direct line in the United States.
Although there is more work to do on the Irish origins of this Thomas Hendry,
there is a great deal of "associated history" for the period of the American
Revolution that provide some knowledge of this person.
Thomas Hendry settled in North Bridgewater (now Brockton) and, on March
23, 1743, married Ann Miller at the Presbyterian Church.He was married by the
Rev. John Porter, its first pastor. Records of this marriage and the births
of several of the children of Thomas and Ann (Miller) Hendry may be found
in this church.
Records of Plymouth County show that Thomas Hendry, aforetime trader,
purchased a farm from John Ames on November 7, 1746. On January 3, 1769,
Thomas Hendry sold this farm to his son Thomas Hendry Jr. for the sum of
500 pounds. The witnesses to this sale were Samuel Dunlop and John Harper
Jr. This is probably the John Harper who was the principal founder of
Harpersfield, Delaware Co. New York. Somehow the deed remained with Thomas
Sr. and was not formally recorded until January 16, 1770 before Sir William
Johnson in New York. William Johnson was the King's representative to
the Indians of the Mohawk Valley. The deed was then recorded at Plymouth
County April 30, 1771. About a year later, (1772) Thomas Hendry Jr. sold the
farm to Daniel Ames. His mother Ann Hendry signs as witness to the transfer.
In about 1769-1771, Thomas Hendry Sr. and all his family except Janet moved
west to what is today Harpersfield, Delaware County, NY. Thomas Hendry
with John Harper and twenty others were granted twenty-two thousand acres
near the headwaters of the Delaware River. The deed was granted November 1,
1769 and signed by Cadwallader Colden,(the Lt. Governor of N.Y.) Andrew
Elliott and Alexander Colden.
(Ironiclly, it was the Indian Joseph Brant who who was tutored by Sir William
Johnson who killed Thomas Hendry Jr. and James Hendry in April of 1780.)
Thomas had two sons killed outright (Thomas and James) during the
revolution when Joseph Brant, seven Tories and forty-three Indians surprised a
"scout" at Harpersfield, Delaware County, New York on April 8, 1780. The
third of his five sons, John, was taken prisoner at the same time, was marched
overland to Niagra with the other prisoners and died on a prison ship in Quebec.
The story of the Hendry brothers being killed and captured in Harpersfield, NY, April 8 178
0 is simple. Most of the Harpersfield, settlers chose to side with the Americans in the Revo
lutonary War and were thus subject to the attacks and depradations of the "Torry" settlers an
d their Indian allies. There had been direct attacks on Harpersfield and other frontier sett
lements and the settlers of Harpersfield, had moved for security to forts on Schoharie Cree
k about thirty miles distant from Harpersfield itself. On April 2, 1780, a "scout" of fourte
en men, commanded by Alexander Harper, walked to Harpersfild to check the area for hostile (T
ory and Indian) activity. The scout, after checking the area, scattered to collect maple sa
p for making sugar. On April, 8, 1780, Joseph Brant with seven Tories and forty-three Indian
s split their force and fell on each of the scattered sugar gathering groups at the same time
. Most submitted peacefully and were taken prisoner. Three Hendry brothers, Thomas, James a
nd John, were members of the fourteen man scout. The two oldest Hendry brothers, Thomas an
d James, offered resistance and were killed and scalped at once. One other man, James Stephe
ns offered resistance, and was killed. John Hendry, the third of the Hendry brothers on th
e scout was taken prisoner. He was said to be a recalcitrant prisoner and died on a prison s
hip moored in the river by Old Quebec City.
According to handwritten notes made by William Hendry, son of David Hendry
(the fourth son), Thomas died of consumption in Harpersfield in the spring of
1780 and was buried by his three oldest sons, Thomas, James and John. At the
time he died, the two youngest sons, David and William were either at the
Schoharrie forts or in Connecticut. (David had served in the Continental Army
for 18 months in 1778-9. He contracted smallpox and was unfit for life on the
frontier. He spent some time during the war in Connecticut. Just where he
was in April of 1780 is not clear.) William, the grandson of the original
Thomas, writes that the sons David and William were at the Schoharrie forts in
April of 1780.
David Hendry was the fourth son and sixth child of Thomas Hendry and Ann
Miller. The William Hendry referred above was David's youngest son, born in
Harpersfield, Ashatabula County, Ohio in 1807. It is not known where or when
Ann Miller Hendry died. David Hendry and William Hendry survived the war as
did James' children (4) and John's child. Jennett, the oldest daughter of the
original Thomas and Ann Miller Hendry, married Hosea Dunbar of Halifax,
Masachusetts, Margaret (Poly) married Henry Montgomery of Harpersfield, NY
and Ann, the yougest daughter married one of the well known Wilcox family of
Thomas, our earliest known progenitor, was born in in northern Ireland. The
earliest record in America says he "Arrived in Boston about 1740." One
record, held by the Daughters of the American Revolution, says Thomas was born
in northern Ireland about 1721. His marriage intention filed in Bridgewater
in 1743 states he was "of Boston". The name was spelled variously depending on
how the recorder heard the name. Among the spellings were: Henry, Hendrey,
Handrey and Hendry. The Hendrys were close associates of the Harpers in
America. The Harpers were from Newtownlimivaddy in County Derry in the north
of Ireland immediately before coming to America in 1720. If the Hendrys and
Harpers knew eash other in Ireland, it is possible the Hendrys too came from that area.
It should be noted that the Hendry family were Presbyterians and signers of
the Confessions of Faith of the Church of Scotland. Contacts I have made in
Northern Ireland, are not hopeful of being able to find records that would
establish exact place and date of birth for this first American ancestor.
Andrew Hendry (1995)
Some of the sources that refer to this Thomas Hendry include:
Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotish Irish Pioneers in Ulster and America. Bacon
and Brown. 1910. pp154-55
Bridgewater Vital Records, Volumes I and III. Bridgewater, Plymouth County,
Clark, William. History of the Century 1797 - 1897. Delhi, NY.
Gould, Jay. History of Delaware County and the Border Wars of New York.
Roxbury, NY. Reprinted by Polyanthus, New Orleans. 1977
Harper, Richard C. Biographical sketch of Alexander Harper written by his
GGGG grandson Richard C. Harper. A copy is at the Old Stone Fort Museum.
Kingman, Bradford. History of North Bridgewater. Boston. Self published.
Minute Book of the Committee of Safety of Tyron County. Dodd, Mead & Co.
Mitchell, Naham. History of Early Settlement of Bridgewater in Plymouth
County Massachusetts....Kidder and Wright. Boston. 1840
Munsell, W.W. History of Delaware County, NY. NY. 1880
O'Brien, Michael. Irish Settlers in America. Genealogical Publishing Co.
Baltimore. 1979. p. 451.
Priest, Josiah. Captivity and Sufferings of Freegift Patchin. Garland
Library of Narratives of North American Indian Captives. Vol. 52.
Simms, Jeptha. The Frontiersmen of New York...and Border Strife. Vol. II.
George Riggs. Albany. 1883.
In addition to these sources, there have been a number of Hendrys who have
taken an interest in the family history and collected material and commented
on various accounts of the Hendrys after 1743 in Bridgewater. Chief among
these is an account of The History of the Hendry Family by Thomas P Hendry.
This work has been filed with the New England Historical Society. James Abbott
Hendry, brother to Thomas P. Hendry has also kept a record of some early
accounts and family traditions. Arleigh Hendry, one of the last Hendrys to live
in Harpersfield, N.Y. made extensive notes of Hendry history and traditions.
These were examined courtesy of his daughter Evangeline Hendry MacLaury,
Harpersfield, NY. 1981. Alonzo Hendry, a great grandson of the original Thomas,
corresponded with other descendents concerning the early history of the Hendrys.
Correspondence from Alonzo to David Brown Hendry dated in the 1870's at
Sandusky, Ohio shed valuable information on an early attempt to establish a
record. Alonzo also wrote a "Traditional History of the Hendry Family" in a note
book. The original is in the possission of the heirs of Thomas Penfield Hendry
late of Granville, OH. Dorothy Bruce Hicock, a descendant of William Ormiston
Hendry had done extensive work in family history and was able to contribute
extensively to the account compiled by Thomas P. Hendry. Her original account
of the family of John Hendry, the third son of the original Thomas, is in the New
York State Historical Society in Cooperstown, NY. William Montgomery Hendry,
another descendent of John Hendry, wrote a short History of the Hendrys.
There are other sources some more direct than others including the Samuel Hendry
Papers held by the Western Reserve HistoricaL Society in Cleveland, Ohio
numbered Mss 3399 (#946) and the William Hendry Papers held by the same
organization Manuscript Collection No. 4196. Histories of the Harper family
with which the Hendry fortunes and history was closely interwoven also provide
insites to the Hendry family before 1850. Scattered newspaper articles in
Ashtabula County, Ohio, during the period 1820 to 1870, provide valuable
information on the branches of the Hendry family that moved to Harpersfield,
Ohio, from Harpersfield, NY early in the 19th century.
Persons familiar with the Bridgewater Viatal Records will note that this summary
does not include a sixth son, nineth child, Samuel. If there was a Samuel, he died
in childbirth or as an infant. There is no further mention of this person in any
Hendry family accounts or accounts written by others. On occasion, persons
researching the Hendrys have confused this Samuel with Samuel the
youngest son of James Hendry and Mehitable Hall Hendry. This Samuel is a grandson,
not a son, of Thomas and Ann. He was born in 1779 in Harpersfield, or more likely at
the forts on Schoharie Creek.
There was a Thomas Hendry in Boston in 1710. He married an
Ann Thomas in the Old North Church in 1710. The ceremony was performed by Rev.
Cotton Mather. The couple had eight children including a son named Thomas
born in 1712. There is no evidence to connect this Thomas Hendry family with
the Thomas Hendry who married Ann Miller in Bridgewater in 1743. It has been
concluded that the Thomas in Boston in 1710 represents a completely separate
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